It is exciting times for Test cricket! The ICC World Test Championship has commenced with the first Ashes Test at Birmingham. The game’s premier format now has an added context and meaning that it desperately needed alongside a structured system, albeit imperfect, to find a champion. The preceding week, however, had a depressing day for Test cricket.
In London, Ireland were bowled out for a meagre 38 in 15.4 overs registering the lowest total in Tests for 64 years and the shortest innings in nine decades, therefore, highlighting the gap that exists among Test teams. On the same day, in Lahore, the Pakistan Cricket Board released Mohammad Amir’s announcement to retire from Tests highlighting the diminishing interest of players in red-ball cricket.
Amir has quit Test cricket at the age of 27. There are bowlers – for example his new-ball partner Mohammad Abbas - who make their debut at the same age but for Amir, it was a good time to retire. It is the youngest retirement by a Pakistan player barring Shahid Afridi, who temporarily quit Tests at the age of 26 [on paper].
Even though Amir hinted last year that he could retire from Tests, the timing of his decision is baffling as it coincides with the start of the Test Championship in which Pakistan are scheduled to play 13 Tests, seven of them in conditions that are usually helpful for pacers – two in Australia [one with the pink ball], two in New Zealand and three in England respectively. Pakistan’s own first-class system is also set for a major overhaul in a bid to make four-day cricket more competitive.
Despite his dwindling pace, he has 24 wickets at 21.00 in the recent six Tests
Last year, before Ireland’s Test debut, I sat with Amir on the turf of Malahide Cricket Club to talk about his life during the ban, comeback, Champions Trophy heroics, and future plans.
“Undoubtedly the amount of cricket has increased and a fast bowler needs recovery time. If the workload is more then I will have to think about managing myself,” Amir said in the interview.
“It gets difficult to play all the three formats without a break. When there is so much workload on you, you got to manage it somehow. A player knows how his body can be better utilized.”
Such thoughts were understandable at that time as he was going through a rough patch in Tests. He played two matches in Australia in 2016-17 without taking a wicket. In the second innings in Sydney, he didn’t even bowl due to fitness issues. When Sri Lanka toured the UAE in 2017, he could take just one wicket in two Tests.
But one would have sensed a change of heart after what happened in Ireland and England. Amir bagged five wickets in Pakistan’s win at Malahide. In the second innings at Lord’s, his four wickets, including a jaffa to snare Jonny Bairstow, handed Pakistan another victory. Even in South Africa, despite his dwindling pace, he managed to take 12 wickets at 23.58 in three Tests. Simply put, he has 24 wickets at 21.00 in the recent six Tests.
Thank you PCB, our PM @ImranKhanPTI @wasimakramlive bhi @SAfridiOfficial bhi @waqyounis99 & @yousaf1788. Thank you and my fans for always supporting me and I hope you all will support my this decision also.see video link https://t.co/BbAYzPbncl— Mohammad Amir (@iamamirofficial) July 26, 2019
His decision to retire at this stage hasn’t gone well with the purists and has drawn criticism. The leading cricket pundits of Pakistan – Wasim Akram, Ramiz Raja, Shoaib Akhtar to name a few – have voiced their concerns.
“You peak at 27-28 and Test cricket is where you are judged against the best. Pakistan will miss him in Australia and England,” said Wasim Akram.
Ramiz Raja was more critical, “Besides being dismissive of the greatest format that makes stars and legends, Amir’s decision is clearly not in line with the need of Pakistan cricket, which is desperately looking to reboot Test cricket. It was time to repay, not eject.”
Pakistan’s worst fear is more players could follow a similar route. There are rumours that Wahab Riaz, the fastest Test bowler in the country, has also decided to hang up his boots to focus on white-ball cricket. Shoaib Akhtar believes Hasan Ali will do the same.
Wahab’s pace and ability to extract bounce on the hard pitches of Australia was the reason he was Pakistan’s most successful bowler in Australia in 2016-17. Now with him being fitter than ever and more disciplined, it will be a shame if Pakistan does not have the services of Mohammad Amir and Wahab Riaz. The irony is that both got the initial recognition because of their performances in Tests. The former became the youngest to 50 Test wickets in England in 2010 while the latter, on the same tour, took a 5-wicket haul on debut at The Oval.
Players often pay lip-service to Test cricket that it is the 'pinnacle of the game' and their aim is to excel in this format but the reality is different and bitter. The players interested in Tests are mostly those who understand that legacies are built by playing Tests or who don’t have skills for white-ball cricket. The monetary reward for playing limited-overs cricket is captivating due to the proliferation of T20 leagues.
Amir would have earned 23.5 lakh rupees (approximately 14700 USD) for playing two Tests in Australia. He could make eight times more money by playing in Mzansi Super League which will clash with the Australia series. Even if the five-day salaries and annual retainers are doubled, it would not match the earnings that a player can make from a couple of leagues. This is not to say that Pakistan players are paid unsatisfactory sums. The disparity between money on offer in Tests and T20s is a global concern.
Michael Atherton in 2017 talked about having one squad for all three formats. The idea makes sense and should at least be given a try. Initially, it might seem unfair to those who have skills for one format but eventually, it will develop players who could compete in all three formats.
What Amir has done is not novel. Many others – Shahid Afridi, Lasith Malinga, MS Dhoni (officially), Chris Gayle – also retired from Tests to prolong their limited-overs careers. The players may think they don’t need Test cricket but they are ignoring the fact that Test cricket needs them.