Khawaja, who struck 85 and 141 to claim the player of the match award on Thursday, advanced nine places to slot in at No. 10 in the rankings. He had a previous best ranking of 11th in January 2017, when he attained a career-best 747 rating points.
Australia skipper Tim Paine also moved up the order as his unbeaten 61 in the second innings has taken him up two slots to 49 in the latest update.
For Pakistan, Mohammad Hafeez has re-entered the rankings at 45th place after marking his return to Test cricket with a century. Asad Shafiq (up five places to 20th), Harris Sohail (up 17 slots to 57th) and Imam-ul-Haq (up 22 places to 88th) are the others to make headway among batsmen.
Fast bowler Mohammad Abbas has gained eight places to reach a career-best 13th position after finishing with seven wickets in the match.
Debutants Aaron Finch of Australia and Prithvi Shaw of India have made fine entries into the Test rankings – entering the list of batsmen at 72nd and 73rd positions, respectively. Finch slammed 62 and 49 in Dubai while opener Shaw had a fine 134 to show in Rajkot.
India captain Virat Kohli’s century has helped him consolidate his position at the top of the rankings and he has moved to within one point of his highest ratings point of 937 while spinner Kuldeep Yadav’s six wickets in the match, including a haul of five for 57 in the second innings, has lifted him 16 places to 52nd position.
Ravindra Jadeja’s 100 not out has lifted him six places to 51st among batsmen, and with him also claiming four wickets in the match, he has bridged the gap with top-ranked Shakib Al Hasan to three points in the list of all-rounders.
For the West Indies, Roston Chase has moved up four places to 41st position and Kieran Powell has advanced five slots to 54th position.