With India winning the Border Gavaskar Trophy, here is a list of five things that can be learned from this intensely fought Test series.
The relations between the old rivals have remained non friendly ever since the “Monkey Gate” scandal of 2008 and even before the series started, the pre series hype added more fuel into the already existing bitter relations.
From Virat Kohli accusing his fellow captain Steve Smith for abusing the decision review system, to Smith calling Murali Vijay a "f***ing cheat", to the repeated verbal arguments between the two teams both on field and off field resulted in an intensely fought series that ensured that games were frequently on the edge but the big difference between both the teams came on the final day when Smith apologised for his actions, but Kohli said the Australians were no longer his friends.
The Indian skipper entered the series with record breaking four double tons in four previous series but this series ended miserably for King Kohli who managed just 46 runs in three Tests and missing out the last match due to a shoulder injury but even then other top order players took over the responsibility particularly Cheteshwar Pujara and Lokesh Rahul giving the hosts valuable top-order runs against a redefined Australian pace attack that exploited the Asian conditions very well.
There were serious question marks over the Australian bowlers' ability to adapt to Asian conditions particularly after suffering a series defeat in Sri Lanka last year and there were coming into the series following nine recent Test losses in Asia but a training camp in UAE before the tour gave good results as both spinners and pace bowlers ended the series with good figures.
Spinners Steve O'Keefe and Nathan Lyon shared 38 wickets between them who were well supported by fast bowlers Mitchell Starc, Josh Hazlewood and Pat Cummins.
Smith could not lead his team for a series victory but he accumulated 499 runs in four Tests with three centuries that kept fighting spirit alive and proved that Australia was the toughest opponent for India during their long 13 match home Test season.
Ravindra Jadeja led the hosts' bowling strike force and became the top ranked Test bowler and replaced his fellow team mate Ravichandran Ashwin. He performed exceptionally well with his main job and ended taking 25 wickets but he also scored two crucial half-centuries while batting lower down the order. For his contribution with the bat and ball, Jadeja was awarded the man of the series award.