Ambati Rayudu has been suspended from bowling in international cricket two weeks after being reported for a suspect action, the International Cricket Council announced.
The part-time spinner's action was picked up by match officials, citing concerns over its legality, a day after the first one-day international against Australia in Sydney.
The 33-year-old part time off-spinner stayed in the Indian playing XI in the second match and also played a role in the team's first two ODI wins in New Zealand.
"The player elected not to submit to a test of his bowling action within the stipulated period of 14 days of being reported for a suspect action and therefore he has been suspended with immediate effect," cricket's world governing body said in a statement.
"The suspension will remain in place until he is tested, and can demonstrate he is able to bowl with a legal action."
The sanction did not extend to domestic matches, the ICC added.
Rayudu bowled just two overs of part time off-spin, giving away 13 runs, in the Sydney ODI. India lost the match but went on to win the three match ODI series.