Gayle had announced in March he planned to retire following the conclusion of the showpiece event in England and Wales but he made a U-turn on his statement midway through the tournament.
Gayle was earlier left out of the T20I squad for the Indian tour but has been able to retain his spot in the ODI setup.
The three-match series gives Gayle an opportunity to surpass Brian Lara as the West Indies leading run-getter of all time.
Just twelve runs away from notching up the record, Gayle presently boasts 10393 runs under his belt in the 50-over format.
While doubts still linger over Gayle's future in the international arena, the upcoming series is expected to be his swansong.
"Chris is a very valuable player and he brings a lot of experience, a lot of knowledge, he lends a lot to any dressing room and it is great to have him in the squad," Floyd Reifer stated in a Cricket West Indies statement.
The West Indies have made a host of changes from the World Cup squad, having dropped batsmen Sunil Ambris and Darren Bravo, off-spinner Ashley Nurse and right-arm paceman Shannon Gabriel from the line-up.
Jason Holder's side could manage just two victories in nine games and finished their underwhelming tournament at the ninth position in the ten-team table.
Andre Russell's knee injury has kept him out of the West Indies side once again after he was forced out of the tournament due to the same injury woe although he is inducted in the T20I squad.
Meanwhile, John Campbell, Roston Chase and Keemo Paul - all of whom missed out on the World Cup - have been recalled for the one-day internationals which begin on August 8 at the Guyana National Stadium.
West Indies Squad: Jason Holder(capt), Fabian Allen, Carlos Brathwaite, John Campbell, Roston Chase, Sheldon Cottrell, Chris Gayle, Shimron Hetmyer, Shai Hope (wk), Evin Lewis, Keemo Paul, Nicholas Pooran (wk), Kemar Roach, Oshane Thomas