The International Cricket Council (ICC) has banned two Hong Kong players from all forms of cricket for life after finding them guilty of breaching the ICC Anti-Corruption Code.
The two serial offenders were convicted of trying to corrupt several matches from 2014 to 2016 including those played during the World T20 in 2016.
Irfan Ahmed, who had earlier copped a two-and-half-year ban from the ICC in April 2016, has been found culpable on nine charges including fixing, failure to disclose details and accepting a bribe to influence the result in Hong Kong's clash against Zimbabwe in March 2014.
His elder brother, Nadeem Ahmed has been charged on three offences while team-mate Haseeb Amjad has also received a five-year ban.
The ICC General Manager Alex Marshall elaborated the severity of the bans was a result of their involvement in illicit activities despite having attended workshops and briefings on anti-corruption.
"This has been a long and complex investigation which has uncovered systematic attempts to influence moments in matches by experienced international cricketers over a period of time. Their conduct was premeditated and sophisticated and each of the Ahmed brothers sought to corrupt others," he said.
"The main offences relate to the Hong Kong matches against Scotland and Canada where the players fixed specific overs.
"These matches were won by Hong Kong so it did not materially affect the results of the tournament, however, I cannot reiterate strongly enough to any player considering this that we treat any form of fixing – spot or match – with the utmost seriousness."
“The severity of the offences is reflected in the sanctions and I hope will deter other players from taking this path and demonstrate to cricket fans around the world our commitment to a corruption-free sport," Marshall said in a statement.
The ICC Anti-Corruption Tribunal reached the verdict after it heard evidence that "all three players fixed or contrived to fix matches, failed, for reward, to perform" and did not deliberately disclose approaches to fix during a number of international games across a two-year period.