Meanwhile, paceman Bhuvenshwar Kumar and wrist-spinner Kuldeep Yadav have also been added to the white-ball squads following the Indian management's decision to keep them out of the limited-overs fixtures against Bangladesh.
Wicketkeeper-batsman Sanju Samson and Rahul Chahar have been unceremoniously dropped from the side despite failing to get an appearance during India's home season.
On the other hand, Chahar's cousin, medium-pacer Deepak Chahar has gotten a chance in the ODI line-up after registering record figures of 6-7 in T20I cricket recently.
Mohammed Shami and Ravindra Jadeja also make a comeback to the T20I fold, bolstering India's squad as they replace the likes of Shardul Thakur and Khaleel Ahmed.
India is expected to experiment with different configurations of the playing XI as part of the preparations for the T20 World Cup in Australia next year.
All-rounder Shivam Dube impressed during the Bangladesh T20Is and now looks set to make his debut in the 50-over format.
Navdeep Saini remains the notable omission for the West Indies series as he is still recovering from injury while Jasprit Bumrah again misses out given his involvement in rehab for a stress fracture.
MS Dhoni's future with the national side continues to be clouded in uncertainty as he is absent from the plans of the selectors, who are adamant at persisting with Rishabh Pant as the first-choice wicketkeeper.
Although West Indies are the current world champions in the shortest format, they were defeated by Afghanistan 1-2 in the T20Is at Lucknow.
The first T20I between the two teams will take place on December 6 whereas the ODI series commences on December 15.
Virat Kohli (c), Rohit Sharma (vc), Shikhar Dhawan, KL Rahul, Shreyas Iyer, Manish Pandey, Rishabh Pant (wk), Shivam Dube, Washington Sundar, Ravindra Jadeja, Yuzvendra Chahal, Kuldeep Yadav, Deepak Chahar, Mohammed Shami, Bhuvneshwar Kumar
Virat Kohli (c), Rohit Sharma (vc), Shikhar Dhawan, KL Rahul, Shreyas Iyer, Manish Pandey, Rishabh Pant (wk), Shivam Dube, Kedar Jadhav, Ravindra Jadeja, Yuzvendra Chahal, Kuldeep Yadav, Deepak Chahar, Mohammed Shami, Bhuvneshwar Kumar