This result also completes a 100 percent record for the tourists in all completed matches played on this tour.
Left to negotiate 13 testing overs from the tourists before the close of play, West Indies lost openers Kraigg Brathwaite and John Campbell.
The hat-trick ball involved some drama as it required a review from the fielding side to overturn the original not out verdict.
Virat Kohli led a workmanlike effort from India's top order with a carefully crafted innings of 76.
Keemo Paul will replace fast bowler Miguel Cummins, who went wicketless in the first Test at Antigua conceding 69 runs in 20 overs.
The hosts were demolished in 26.5 overs for their lowest Test innings total ever against India with Bumrah returning the outstanding figures of 5-7.
Rahane, who top-scored with 81 in his team's first innings total of 297, will resume on the fourth morning on 53 alongside Kohli on 51.
Cummins fell six minutes shy of breaking the dubious feat of New Zealand's Geoff Allott who lasted 101 minutes before being dismissed for nought.
A late burst by senior fast bowler Ishant Sharma earned him a five-wicket haul and reduced the West Indies to 189 for eight.
South Africa name depleted squad for Pakistan T20Is owing to IPL constraints
PCB decides to resume PSL 2021 in June
'It was a joint decision' - Silverwood on Archer's omission from ODI side
Bravo century, Pollard blitz lift West Indies to series whitewash over Sri Lanka
PSL 2019 - PSL Schedule with all PSL 4 Matches and Schedule for all Franchises
'Was playing the PSL with a knee injury' - Ben Dunk on his Lahore Qalandars journey
PCB announces major salary hike for domestic cricketers in new pay structure
PSL Schedule Live Streaming and PSL 5 Matches Details
MS Dhoni has never scored a century outside Asia
Five IPL teams that no longer exist